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Weakness in legs and dizziness treatment


Weakness in Legs | 9 Possible Causes, Treatment & More

Inflammatory conditions

Leg weakness can be caused by inflammation, which is the body’s normal response to injury or infection. Sometimes the body’s immune system is activated when it’s not supposed to which leads to autoimmune inflammatory disease.

  • Infections: Bacterial or viral infections can damage the brain, nerves, or spinal cord, leading to leg weakness.
  • Autoimmune diseases: An autoimmune disease occurs when the immune system, which usually works to protect you against diseases and infections, instead starts to attack the healthy cells that make up your body. Sometimes these autoimmune diseases can affect the muscles or nerves of the legs leading to leg weakness.

Medication side effects

Listed below are some medications and treatments that can lead to leg weakness by affecting the muscles in your legs.

  • Cholesterol-reducing medications like statins
  • Some types of chemotherapy for cancer or autoimmune diseases
  • Anti-inflammatory medications like steroids

This list does not constitute medical advice and may not accurately represent what you have.

Beriberi (adult)

A low level of vitamin B1 (thiamin) can cause damage to the heart, brain and nerves. This can result in symptoms like weakness, amnesia, nerve pain and symptoms of heart failure like swelling of limbs and shortness of breath.

Rarity: Ultra rare

Top Symptoms: abdominal pain (stomach ache), shortness of breath, anxiety, chest pain, distal numbness

Urgency: Hospital emergency room

Cauda equina syndrome

Although leg pain is common and usually goes away without surgery, cauda equina syndrome, a rare disorder affecting the bundle of nerve roots (cauda equina) at the lower (lumbar) end of the spinal cord, is a surgical emergency.

Rarity: Ultra rare

Top Symptoms: lower back pain, back pain that shoots to the butt, back pain that shoots down the leg, leg weakness, thigh numbness

Urgency: Emergency medical service

Wernicke-korsakoff syndrome

Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, or WKS, is a neurologic disorder. The names represent the acute stage of the illness, called Wernicke's Encephalopathy, and the chronic stage, called Korsakoff Syndrome.

WKS is caused by a deficiency of thiamine, or vitamin B1. It is most often seen in alcoholics; anyone who has had a poor diet, eating disorder, or weight-loss surgery; and those with serious illness such as cancer or AIDS.

Acute symptoms are primarily physical and include abnormal, uncoordinated walking and standing; flickering eye movements called nystagmus; and damage to the heart and nervous system. There may also be profound drowsiness that can lead to coma.

Chronic symptoms are primarily mental and include short-term memory loss and dementia-like behavior.

The acute stages of WKS can be a life-threatening medical emergency. Take the patient to the emergency room or call 9-1-1.

Diagnosis is made through physical examination and blood tests.

Treatment involves simply adding thiamine supplements to the diet, as well as treating any remaining symptoms to aid in recovery.

Rarity: Rare

Top Symptoms: nausea or vomiting, leg numbness, feeling confused and not making sense while talking, amnesia, jerky, unsteady, or uncoordinated walk

Urgency: Hospital emergency room

Stroke or tia (transient ischemic attack)

Transient ischemic attack, or TIA, is sometimes called a "mini stroke" or a "warning stroke." Any stroke means that blood flow somewhere in the brain has been blocked by a clot.

Risk factors include smoking, obesity, and cardiovascular disease, though anyone can experience a TIA.

Symptoms are "transient," meaning they come and go within minutes because the clot dissolves or moves on its own. Stroke symptoms include weakness, numbness, and paralysis on one side of the face and/or body; slurred speech; abnormal vision; and sudden, severe headache.

A TIA does not cause permanent damage because it is over quickly. However, the patient must get treatment because a TIA is a warning that a more damaging stroke is likely to occur. Take the patient to the emergency room or call 9-1-1.

Diagnosis is made through patient history; physical examination; CT scan or MRI; and electrocardiogram.

Treatment includes anticoagulant medication to prevent further clots. Surgery to clear some of the arteries may also be recommended.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: dizziness, leg numbness, arm numbness, new headache, stiff neck

Symptoms that never occur with stroke or tia (transient ischemic attack): bilateral weakness

Urgency: Emergency medical service

Spinal stenosis

The spine, or backbone, protects the spinal cord and allows people to stand and bend. Spinal stenosis causes narrowing in the spine. The narrowing puts pressure on nerves and the spinal cord and can cause pain.

Next steps including visiting a primary care physician. For this condition, a physician might suggest further investigation including imaging of the spine. Treatments may include medications, physical therapy, or braces. For severe cases, surgery is sometimes recommended.

Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy

Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy is an inherited disorder that involves varying muscle weakness and wasting.

You should visit your primary care physician to confirm the diagnosis and discuss treatment options for managing symptoms.

Idiopathic inflammatory myopathy

Idiopathic inflammatory myopathy refers to a closely related group of conditions that cause inflammation of muscle tissue.

Make an appointment with a physician to determine exactly what subtype of inflammatory myopathy you are experiencing. The physician will most likely prescribe a oral steroid to reduce inflammation and put in an IV to protect the kidneys.

Herniated (slipped) disk in the back

A herniated, ruptured, or "slipped" disc means that a vertebral disc – one of the soft pads of tissue that sit between each of the vertebral bones – has becomes squeezed out of shape. Its cushioning material has been forced against, and possibly through, the ring of fibrous tissue that normally contains it. This causes pain, numbness, and weakness in the legs.

The normal aging process causes the discs lose moisture and become thinner, making them more vulnerable to "slipping."

Most susceptible are men from ages 30 to 50. Smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, and improper lifting are also risk factors.

Symptoms include pain, weakness, numbness, and tingling in the back, leg, and foot.

Diagnosis is made through patient history, neurological examination, and MRI scan.

Treatment begins with rest, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy, and sometimes epidural steroid injections into the back to ease pain and inflammation.

Surgery to remove the herniated part of the disc – the part that was squeezed out of place – can also be helpful.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: lower back pain, moderate back pain, back pain that shoots down the leg, back pain that gets worse when sitting, leg weakness

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Chronic idiopathic peripheral neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy refers to the feeling of numbness, tingling, and pins-and-needles sensation in the feet. Idiopathic means the cause is not known, and chronic means the condition is ongoing without getting better or worse.

The condition is most often found in people over age 60. Idiopathic neuropathy has no known cause.

Symptoms include uncomfortable numbness and tingling in the feet; difficulty standing or walking due to pain and lack of normal sensitivity; and weakness and cramping in the muscles of the feet and ankles.

Peripheral neuropathy can greatly interfere with quality of life, so a medical provider should be seen in order to treat the symptoms and reduce the discomfort.

Diagnosis is made through physical examination; blood tests to rule out other conditions; and neurologic and muscle studies such as electromyography.

Treatment involves over-the-counter pain relievers; prescription pain relievers to manage more severe pain; physical therapy and safety measures to compensate for loss of sensation in the feet; and therapeutic footwear to help with balance and walking.

Rarity: Rare

Top Symptoms: distal numbness, muscle aches, joint stiffness, numbness on both sides of body, loss of muscle mass

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Cauda equina syndrome (rapid-onset)

Although leg pain is common and usually goes away without surgery, cauda equina syndrome, a rare disorder affecting the bundle of nerve roots (cauda equina) at the lower (lumbar) end of the spinal cord, is a surgical emergency.

Call 911 immediately for an ambulance.

Beriberi

A low level of vitamin B1 (thiamin) can cause damage to the heart, brain and nerves. This can result in symptoms like weakness, amnesia, nerve pain and symptoms of heart failure like swelling of limbs and shortness of breath.

You should seek immediate medical care at an ER. You may need to be admitted to the hospital to get treatment with a vitamin B1 infusion.

Becker muscular dystrophy

Becker muscular dystrophy is an inherited disorder that involves slowly worsening muscle weakness of the legs and pelvis

You should visit your primary care physician to confirm the diagnosis and discuss treatment options for managing symptoms.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is also called ALS or Lou Gehrig's Disease. It is a degenerative disease that destroys nerve cells, which eventually leads to loss of control over muscle function.

The cause of ALS is not known. It may be inherited and/or due to a chemical imbalance, faulty autoimmune response, or exposure to toxic environmental agents.

Symptoms include weakness; difficulty with speaking, swallowing, walking, or using the hands; and muscle cramps. The muscles of the arms, hands, legs, and feet are most involved at first. It does not affect the senses or a person's mental ability.

ALS is progressive, meaning it worsens over time. There is no cure, but supportive care can keep the patient comfortable and improve quality of life.

Diagnosis is made through several tests including blood tests; urine tests; MRI; electromyography (EMG) to measure muscle activity; nerve conduction studies; and sometimes muscle biopsy or spinal tap (lumbar puncture. )

Treatment involves medications to both slow the progression of the disease and ease the symptoms; respiratory therapy; physical therapy; occupational therapy; and psychological support.

  • Are you allergic to anything?
  • Do your symptoms improve with Ibuprofen/Advil/Motrin, known as NSAIDs?
  • Have a friend stand across from you and hold out a finger. Touch that finger and then touch your nose. Move the target finger around and start going faster. Are you having trouble?
  • Do you find yourself getting weaker and weaker?

Self-diagnose with our free Buoy Assistant if you answer yes on any of these questions.

Causes, Diseases, and When to See a Doctor

Sudden leg weakness can be a sign of a serious underlying health issue and should be evaluated by a doctor as soon as possible. In some cases, it may indicate a medical condition that requires emergency care.

Here we’ll discuss 11 common causes of leg weakness and other symptoms you need to know.

A slipped disc occurs when the gelatinous substance inside the discs that cushion your vertebrae protrudes through a tear in the exterior, causing pain. This can happen because of injury or age-related degenerative changes in the spine.

If the slipped disc compresses a nearby nerve, it can cause pain and numbness along the affected nerve, often down your leg.

Other symptoms include:

  • muscle weakness
  • pain that’s worse when standing or sitting
  • tingling or burning sensation in the affected area

See your doctor if neck or back pain extends down your arm or leg or you experience numbness, tingling, or weakness. Conservative treatment, including rest followed by physical therapy, usually relieves symptoms within a few weeks.

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to your brain is cut off because of a blockage, or a blood vessel in the brain bursts. It can cause sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arms, or legs.

Other signs and symptoms of stroke include:

  • sudden confusion
  • difficulty speaking
  • sudden, severe headache
  • drooping of one side of the face or uneven smile

If you or someone else is having a stroke, call 911 immediately. Prompt treatment is vital to recovering from a stroke. Early treatment can reduce the risk of long-term complications.

Guillain-Barré syndrome is a rare autoimmune disorder in which your immune system attacks your nerves, causing tingling and weakness that usually begins in the feet and legs. The weakness can spread quickly and eventually paralyze the whole body if not treated right away.

Other symptoms can include:

  • prickling or pins and needles sensations in your wrists, fingers, ankles, and toes
  • severe pain that worsens at night
  • difficulty with eye or facial movements
  • problems controlling your bladder or bowels

The cause of the condition isn’t known, but it’s often triggered by an infection, such the stomach flu or a respiratory infection.

See a doctor right away if you experience any of these symptoms. There’s no cure, but there are treatments that can relieve symptoms and reduce the duration of the illness.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system. In MS, your immune system attacks the myelin, which is the protective sheath around your nerves. It’s most often diagnosed in people aged 20 to 50.

MS can cause a wide range of symptoms that vary from person to person. Numbness and fatigue are the most common symptoms. Other symptoms include:

  • muscle weakness
  • muscle spasticity
  • difficulty walking
  • tremors
  • acute and chronic pain
  • visual disturbances

MS is a lifelong condition that can include periods of relapses of symptoms that are followed by periods of remission, or it can be progressive.

Treatments for MS, including medication and physical therapy, can help you regain strength in your legs and slow progression of the disease.

Sciatica, which is caused by a pinched nerve in the lower back, is pain that radiates along the sciatic nerve, which extends from your lower back through your hips and buttocks and down the legs. It usually affects one side of your body.

Sciatica can range from a dull ache to sharp burning pain, and worsen with prolonged sitting or sneezing. You may also experience leg numbness and weakness.

Mild sciatica usually goes away with rest and self-care measures, such as stretching. See your doctor if your pain lasts longer than a week or is severe.

Get emergency care if you experience sudden, severe pain in your lower back or leg accompanied by muscle weakness or numbness, or trouble controlling your bladder or bowels, which is a sign of cauda equina syndrome.

Peripheral neuropathy is nerve damage to your body’s peripheral nervous system, which connects the nerves from your central nervous system to the rest of your body.

It can be caused by injury, infection, and a number of conditions, including diabetes (diabetic neuropathy) and hypothyroidism.

Symptoms usually start with numbness or tingling in the hands and feet, but can spread to other parts of your body. Other symptoms include:

  • weakness
  • pain that worsens at night
  • burning or freezing sensation
  • shooting or electric-like pain
  • difficulty walking

Treatment depends on the cause of the nerve damage and may begin with treating an underlying condition. Prescription medications and different therapies are also available.

Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects an area of the brain called the substantia nigra.

Symptoms of the condition develop gradually over the years. Problems with movement are usually the first signs. Other Parkinson’s disease symptoms include:

  • small handwriting or other writing changes
  • slow movement (bradykinesia)
  • limb stiffness
  • problems with balance or walking
  • tremors
  • voice changes

Treatment for Parkinson’s disease involves a combination of lifestyle changes, medications, and therapies. Medications and physical therapy can help reduce muscle loss caused by Parkinson’s disease.

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a neuromuscular disorder that causes weakness in your voluntary skeletal muscles. It can affect people of any age, but is more common in women under the age of 40 and men older than 60.

Symptoms include:

  • muscle weakness in the arms, hands, legs, or feet
  • drooping eyelids
  • double vision
  • trouble speaking
  • difficulty swallowing or chewing

There’s no cure for MG, but early treatment can limit disease progression and help improve muscle weakness. Treatment is typically a combination of lifestyle changes, medications, and sometimes surgery.

A spinal lesion or tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue within or surround the spinal cord or column. Spinal tumors can be cancerous or noncancerous, and originate in the spine or spinal column or spread there from another site.

Back pain, which is worse at night or increases with activity, is the most common symptom. If the tumor presses on a nerve, it can cause numbness or weakness in the arms, legs, or chest.

Treatment depends on the type and location of the lesion or tumor, and whether or not it’s cancerous or noncancerous. Surgery to remove the tumor, or radiation therapy or chemotherapy to shrink the tumor, can usually resolve leg weakness.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. It’s a progressive neurological disease that damages nerve cells and often begins with muscle twitching and weakness in the legs.

Other early symptoms include:

  • difficulty walking or performing daily tasks
  • trouble swallowing
  • slurred speech
  • difficulty holding up your head

There’s currently no cure for ALS, but treatments are available that can help control symptoms and complications and improve quality of life.

Toxic neuropathy is nerve damage caused by toxic substances, such as cleaning chemicals, insecticides and pesticides, and lead. Drinking a lot of alcohol can also cause it. This is called alcoholic neuropathy.

It affects the nerves of your arms and hands or legs and feet, causing nerve pain, numbness or tingling, and weakness that can lead to loss of movement.

Treatment involves medication to relieve nerve pain and limiting exposure to the toxin.

Leg weakness should always be evaluated by a doctor as it may be caused by a serious underlying condition that requires treatment.

Get emergency medical care if:

  • Your weakness is accompanied by sudden, severe pain in your back or leg.
  • You experience loss of bladder or bowel control.
  • You or someone else experiences any warning signs of a stroke.

Sudden leg weakness could be a sign of a serious medical issue, such as a stroke. Head to the nearest emergency room or call 911 if you’re not sure what’s going on.

Other conditions can also cause leg weakness or difficulty walking. See your doctor as soon as possible if you experience leg weakness, numbness or tingling, or changes to how you walk.

Weakness in the legs is one of the symptoms of many diseases

Feeling of weakness in the legs is familiar to many, if not almost all people. Weakness in the legs can be caused by a variety of disorders in the human body, and also be one of the manifestations of quite serious diseases. Therefore, it is especially important to note other symptoms accompanying this phenomenon (for example, dizziness, nausea, other pains) for timely diagnosis and subsequent treatment.

Symptoms most commonly associated with leg weakness:

  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Lightheadedness, presyncope
  • Nausea
  • Increased fatigue
  • Increase in body temperature
  • Trembling in the legs
  • Numbness of limbs
  • Puffiness
  • Paleness or blueness of the skin on the legs
  • Weakness in the back
  • Low back pain
  • Convulsions

Since the causes of weakness in the legs can be a variety of diseases, it is advisable to first consult a general practitioner. The specialist, taking into account all the symptoms, may consider it necessary to carry out such diagnostic procedures as: a general blood and urine test, an ECG, an ultrasound of the heart, angiography of the vessels of the legs, an x-ray of the bones.

Weakness in the legs is quite often a manifestation of circulatory problems. Including this can be one of the symptoms of such dangerous diseases as stroke and heart attack. An early signal of the risk of a stroke can be a sharp weakness in one or more limbs. Weakness in the legs in this case lasts no more than an hour, but can occur several times a day. Overt signs of a stroke develop later, so it is important to pay attention to possible symptoms in time.

Another deadly disease, a heart attack, can be indicated by sudden weakness in the legs, combined with even slight heart pain, dizziness, and lightheadedness. In this case, you should immediately seek emergency medical help.

In old age, one of the most common causes of weakness in the legs is the reduction and blockage of blood vessels with cholesterol plaques - atherosclerosis. At the same time, weakness in the legs can cause not only atherosclerosis of the vessels of the legs, but also atherosclerosis of the cerebral or coronary arteries. In addition to problems with blood circulation, a sharp change in blood pressure - hypotension - can lead to weakness in the legs.

Another dangerous disease that manifests itself in weakness in the legs is diabetes. With prolonged development of diabetes, foot neuropathy may occur. A high level of glucose in the body leads to malnutrition of the nerves, their oxygen starvation. Diabetic neuropathy is manifested in the numbness of the feet, loss of sensitivity, heaviness when walking.

Weakness in the legs can be one of the symptoms of diseases of the central nervous system, as well as concussion. This is usually accompanied by headaches, nausea and general weakness. If, with weakness in the legs, visual impairment is also noted, then this can serve as a signal for the development of multiple sclerosis. In this case, a timely appeal to a neurologist is necessary.

If the weakness of the legs is combined with a feeling of numbness, tingling, and pain in the limbs is added, then spinal damage can cause such a symptom. The most common cause of these symptoms are: osteochondrosis, arthritis, spondylitis, trauma or tumor of the spine.

Feeling weak in the legs can signal bone problems, including closed foot injury, osteoporosis, bone tumors.

Weakness in the legs is very often the result of an increase in body temperature. The cause of fever, in turn, can be: a cold or SARS, a viral, bacterial or fungal infection, food poisoning, overheating or sunstroke.

Psychological problems and stress can be a serious factor in the occurrence of weakness in the legs, especially in old age. Behind the general weakness in a person, and in particular the often occurring weakness in the legs, there can be panic attacks, neurosis, and a depressive state. Contacting a specialist psychologist, and in some cases a psychiatrist, will provide timely necessary assistance.

Weakness, loss of muscle strength - causes, examination and treatment in Astrakhan | Symptoms

Brain tumors

Signs: Headaches, personality changes, disorientation, difficulty concentrating, drowsiness, loss of balance and coordination, as well as paralysis and numbness, sometimes seizures.

Multiple sclerosis (affects the brain, spinal cord)

Signs: Usually other symptoms of nervous system dysfunction (loss of sensation, loss of coordination, and visual disturbances). Weakness, which is transient, sometimes affects various parts of the body, worse during hot weather.

Stroke

Signs: Sudden symptoms: weakness or paralysis, usually on one side of the body; disturbance or loss of sensation on one side of the body, difficulty speaking, sometimes slurred speech, confusion, blurred, blurred or loss of vision, especially in one eye, dizziness or loss of balance and coordination.

Acute transverse myelitis (sudden inflammation of the spinal cord)

Signs: Tingling, numbness, or muscle weakness that develops rapidly (hours to days), starts in the feet and works its way up. Usually a tight gripping tension around the chest or abdomen, often difficulty urinating. In severe cases, loss of bladder and bowel control and/or reduced sexual response, including erectile dysfunction in men. In patients from
multiple sclerosis, inflammation of the blood vessels, suffering from Lyme disease or syphilis.

Cauda equina syndrome (due to pressure on several spinal nerve roots) Signs: Loss of sensation in upper inner thighs, buttocks, bladder, genitals. Usually low back pain, weakness in both legs Loss of bladder and bowel control and/or decreased sexual response, including erectile dysfunction in men. Occurs in patients with a ruptured or herniated disc, the spread of a malignant tumor to the spinal cord.

Spinal cord compression (acute)

Signs: Symptoms develop over hours or days. Weakness or paralysis of the legs and sometimes arms, as well as loss of sensation. In the presence of abscesses or tumors, a feeling of soreness when touching the area of ​​compression. Occurs in patients with abscesses, hematomas, neck or back injuries, cancer.

Spinal cord compression (chronic)

Signs: Symptoms appear within a few weeks to a few months. In severe cases, loss of bladder and bowel control and/or reduced sexual response, including erectile dysfunction in men. Occurs in patients with cervical spondylosis, spinal stenosis, with some tumors.

Compression of the spinal nerve root with a torn disc

Signs: Weakness, numbness, or both, in one leg or arm. Usually back or neck pain that shoots down the leg or arm.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Signs: Progressive muscle weakness, which often begins in the hands, sometimes affects one side more than the other. Clumsiness, involuntary muscle contractions and muscle spasms. Salivation and difficulty in speaking and swallowing. As the disorder progresses, difficulty breathing and eventually death.

Post-polio syndrome

Signs: Rapid muscle fatigue and progressive muscle weakness. Sometimes muscle twitching and loss of muscle tissue. People who have had polio.

Guillain-Barré syndrome

Signs: Weakness and often loss of sensation, which usually starts in both legs, then moves up to the arms. In severe cases, difficulty in swallowing and breathing.

Nerve injury

Signs: Muscle weakness that often begins in both feet, then affects the hands, then moves up the legs and arms. Loss of sensation, usually to the point of muscle weakness, loss of reflexes. Occurs in patients with alcohol abuse, diabetes mellitus, infections (diphtheria, hepatitis C, HIV infection, Lyme disease or syphilis), sarcoidosis, vitamin deficiencies (deficiency of thiamine, vitamin B6 or vitamin B12).

Hereditary neuropathies (Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease)

Signs: Wasting (atrophy) of muscles, sometimes loss of reflexes. Loss of sensation, including the ability to sense limb position, vibration, pain, and temperature.

Botulism

Signs: At first, often dry mouth, drooping eyelids, visual disturbances (eg, double vision), difficulty swallowing and speaking, and rapidly progressive muscle weakness, often beginning in the face and moving down the body. If the source is contaminated food - nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps and diarrhea. No change in sensitivity.

Myasthenia gravis

Signs: Weak and drooping eyelids, double vision, difficulty speaking and swallowing, and weakness in the arms and legs. Excessive weakness of the affected muscles, which is noted after muscle loading, disappears at rest, reappears with repeated muscle loading.

Organic phosphate poisoning (insecticides)

Signs: Watery eyes, blurred vision, excessive salivation, sweating, coughing, vomiting, frequent defecation and urination, and muscle weakness when twitching is present.

Botulinum toxin

Signs: Weakness of the muscles into which the drug was injected, or sometimes all the muscles.

Impaired muscle function due to the use of alcohol, corticosteroids or various other drugs.
Signs: Weakness, usually initially leading to difficulty standing up or raising the arms above the head. Use of drugs that cause muscle damage (statins). If alcohol or certain drugs are the cause, muscle aches and pain

Viral infections causing muscle inflammation

Signs: Muscle aches and pains that increase with movement, especially when walking. Sometimes fever, runny nose, cough, sore throat and/or fatigue.

Conditions and diseases causing generalized muscular atrophy

Signs: When there are obvious signs of a violation. Loss of muscle tissue. Occurs as a result of burns, oncological diseases, inactivity due to prolonged bed rest or immobilization in a plaster cast, sepsis, starvation

Electrolyte imbalance

Signs: Weakness that affects the whole body, is transient,
often accompanied by muscle spasms and twitches. It occurs due to certain diseases or the use of diuretics.

Muscular dystrophies (Duchenne muscular dystrophy and pelvic-brachial muscular dystrophy)

Signs: Progressive muscle weakness, which may begin in infancy, childhood, or adulthood, can progress rapidly, depending on the type, leading to early death. In some types, there is an abnormal curvature of the spine (scoliosis) and weakness of the spinal muscles, which often develop in childhood.


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