Left-Sided Groin Pain in Women: Causes, Treatments, and More
The groin area is where your abdomen transitions into your lower body and legs. It’s located near the hips, above your upper thighs and below your stomach.
Pain or discomfort in your groin area is most commonly a result of straining, pulling, or tearing one of several groups of groin muscles or ligaments. This is especially common if you’re athletic or do a lot of daily physical labor.
An injury is usually to blame when you feel pain on one or both sides of your groin area.
While injury or inflammation can be the most common cause for that groin pain, we’ll discuss other potential causes below.
The most common cause of left-sided groin pain is an injury caused by overexerting or overusing muscles in your groin area. Groin injuries can also result in inflammation near the injury that can cause even more pain when you move.
This type of injury is especially common if you’re active or an athlete. Injuries in this area are typically strained, sprained, stretched, or torn leg tissues that connect the leg to the groin, including:
adductor muscles on the inner part of the thigh
Other common causes of left-side groin pain include:
kidney stones, which happen when calcium or other minerals build up and harden in your kidneys and bladder
broken or fractured bones in the groin area, especially around the pelvic bone or where the femur (upper leg bone) meets the pelvis
While less common, there are several other possible causes for left-sided groin pain. These conditions typically occur only on one side of the groin area, so it is possible to experience them on your right side as well.
Enlarged lymph nodes
Lymph nodes are glands that circulate a clear fluid called lymph throughout your body. Lymph stores white bloods cells that support your immune system by fighting off infectious bacteria or foreign material.
There are numerous lymph nodes in both sides of your groin area called inguinal nodes. Like all lymph nodes, they can get inflamed and enlarged by the presence of infections, inflammation, or tumors.
Often, lymph nodes will get swollen on only one side of the body, which could be the left side. Swollen lymph nodes can result in groin pain and discomfort.
Inguinal hernias are another possible cause of one-sided groin pain. These happen when tissues in your abdomen, like your small intestines, slip through openings or weak areas in your groin muscles into the side of your groin (the left side, if your pain is on the left).
This causes pain or discomfort in your groin and can also result in a bulge visible under the skin.
Urinary tract infection (UTI)
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) happen when infectious bacteria, viruses, or other microscopic infected foreign matter get into your urinary tract.
Your urinary tract is made up of your:
kidneys, which filter chemicals and other substances from your body
ureters, which transport urine from your kidneys to your bladder
bladder, which stores urine
urethra, where urine exits your body
Most UTIs affect only the lower urinary tract. This consists of the urethra and bladder. Left-sided groin pain can result from inflammation of tissue in one of these areas.
UTIs that affect the upper tract, including the ureters and kidneys, aren’t as common, but tend to cause more severe pain.
UTIs are more common in women than men because the urethra is much shorter. This means that infectious bacteria or matter can more quickly and easily travel up the urinary tract to the bladder and, in some cases, up the ureters that connect the bladder to the kidneys.
Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluid that can form on one or both ovaries.
The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system and are located on either side of the uterus. This is where eggs develop and the hormones estrogen and progesterone are created.
Ovarian cysts are relatively common and don’t always result in symptoms. One common symptom of an ovarian cyst on the left ovary is groin pain that radiates outward from the left side of your groin area toward the hips and lower abdomen.
Other possible symptoms that can happen along with left-sided groin pain include:
feeling pressure in your left groin area
swelling visible in the skin
feeling bloated or appearing bloated
sudden sharp, intense pain if the cyst ruptures (rupture is a medical emergency)
Groin pain on the left side or both sides is a relatively common symptom you may experience during pregnancy, especially during the second and third trimesters when the womb starts to expand rapidly.
This is because there are a few ligaments that keep your womb stable and safe when it expands while you’re pregnant.
One of the ligaments is called the round ligament. This ligament, at the front of your groin, typically expands and contracts slowly while you move. But as your womb expands as the fetus grows, this ligament can more easily be sprained or injured because it has to work harder than when you’re not pregnant.
Stretching of this ligament can cause dull pain in one or both sides of the groin. A strain or tear of this ligament can result in an intense, sometimes stabbing pain on either side of your groin, including the left side.
Pain isn’t usually considered serious unless a ligament is torn.
Walking engages numerous muscles, ligaments, and nearby tissues in the groin area — both when you lift your leg to take a step and when your leg makes contact with the ground again.
Even more muscles are required when you:
turn as you walk
You may also not realize that turning your upper body engages muscles and ligaments in the groin, which you do more often when you walk than you might think.
Walking can cause pain or discomfort if any groin muscles or ligaments are injured in this area, as injured tissues are strained by use.
You may be able to treat your groin pain at home if it’s caused by a mild sprain or strain of muscle or ligament tissue.
Treatment for more severe or long-term groin pain should address the cause and may need to be diagnosed by your doctor.
Here’s how you can treat mild left-sided groin pain at home, especially if it’s caused by a sprain or strain.
Rest, ice, compression, elevation (RICE)
Here’s how to do the RICE method:
Rest your groin muscle by taking a break from activity.
Ice the area with a cold pack to reduce pain and inflammation. Do this for about 20 minutes at a time, several times per day.
Compress the area with a medical bandage to limit blood flow.
Elevate your groin area to keep blood from flowing into the area.
Take a pain medication such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), like ibuprofen or naproxen (Aleve), to reduce pain and inflammation.
You may need surgery to repair a broken bone or to address an inguinal hernia. These can’t be treated at home and may cause complications if they’re not corrected.
Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medications if home remedies don’t reduce your pain or swelling.
Physical therapy can also help you learn how to work with muscles, ligaments, or joint tissues that may be chronically inflamed or permanently affected by an injury or an underlying condition.
See your doctor if:
home treatment doesn’t help resolve your symptoms
the pain gets any worse over time
the pain happens suddenly without any obvious cause
you can’t walk or move your lower body without intense pain
you experience changes in your menstrual cycle or you miss a period
you see any unusual discharge from your vagina
You should seek emergency medical help if, along with your groin pain, you experience:
blood in your urine
pain spreading to your chest, abdomen, or lower back
nausea or vomiting
Your doctor may use one or more of the following tests to help diagnose the cause:
physical examination, including feeling around the area
X-rays to see transparent images of tissue in the groin
ultrasounds to see real-time images of groin tissues
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to see 3-D images of the groin area
Left-sided groin pain isn’t always something to worry about. Mild injuries or minor infections can be treated quickly and easily.
But sudden, intense, or chronic pain may indicate an underlying cause that needs medical treatment. See your doctor as soon as possible if your groin pain disrupts your daily life or can’t be treated at home.
Left side groin pain in females: Causes and treatments
There are many possible causes of groin pain on the left side. Most cases are due to a benign condition, such as a pulled muscle or minor infection. However, some causes can be more serious and require treatment.
This article provides more information about pain on the left side of the groin in females, including some of the possible causes and their treatment options.
Injury to the muscles, tendons, or ligaments can cause left side groin pain.
Share on PinterestCommon causes of left groin pain include muscle strain and injuries.
According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, the soft tissues that people most commonly injure are the ligaments, muscles, and tendons.
A person may sprain, pull, or strain one of the ligaments, muscles, or tendons that make up the pelvic region.
An injury can occur due to sudden movements, overstretching, or overuse.
Depending on the severity of the injury, a doctor may recommend rest, physical therapy, ice, stretching, or anti-inflammatory medications.
Another common cause of pain in the groin or pelvis is one or more broken bones. A broken pelvic bone can cause pain that radiates to the groin.
Possible causes of a broken pelvis include falling from a significant height or experiencing a high impact accident, such as a car crash.
Standard treatments for mild injuries to the pelvis include bed rest and pain relief medications. For serious pelvic fractures, treatment often involves surgery.
As a kidney stone passes through a person’s system, it can cause pain in the groin.
Pain from kidney stones can occur in the groin when the stone passes from the bladder to the urethra.
A person can try at-home treatment first, which involves drinking plenty of fluids and taking over-the-counter (OTC) nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to help alleviate the pain.
If the pain does not pass, a person should talk to their doctor as soon as possible.
A UTI occurs when bacteria travel into the urethra and bladder. According to the Urology Care Foundation, there are more than 8 million cases of UTIs in the United States each year.
A UTI can cause a burning sensation, pain, the need to urinate more frequently, and reduced urine output.
Treatment typically involves completing a short course of antibiotics. For more severe infections, a person may need to take antibiotics for longer.
An inguinal hernia appears when the contents of the abdomen bulge through a weak area in the abdominal wall.
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, inguinal hernias can occur on either side of the groin.
Surgical procedures are the most common means of treatment. They can involve open surgery or minimally invasive surgery through a small incision.
Ovarian cysts are fluid filled sacs that grow on the ovaries. According to the Office on Women’s Health (OWH), ovarian cysts are common and often form during ovulation.
They can cause various issues, including pain in the pelvis and pain during sex.
For smaller cysts, a doctor may suggest that people take pain medications or use hormonal birth control. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the cysts.
The OWH note that only about 5–10% of cysts require surgery. Of these cysts, about 13–21% are cancerous.
Lymph nodes play an important role in the body’s immune system. They help collect viruses and bacteria from various tissues in the body. As a result, they contain waste materials from the body, as well as fluid.
There are many lymph nodes in the groin area. According to the American Cancer Society, although lymph nodes can become swollen due to cancer, in many cases, the swelling is a result of injury, infection, or illness.
If a person has enlarged lymph nodes, they may feel a bit of pain or pressure in their neck, groin, or underarms. The underlying cause of the swelling will determine the treatment.
The symptoms of pregnancy can include pain in the groin. In many cases, round ligament pain is the cause.
Round ligament pain occurs when the ligaments that surround the uterus stretch or weaken. This often happens as the uterus grows in size in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.
According to a 2020 article, the stretching and contracting of these ligaments can lead to cramping, as well as pain that may be sharp and cause pulling sensations.
A person may find relief from the pain by taking a warm bath or lying on their side with a pillow between their legs for support. They could also consider taking OTC acetaminophen, but it is best to speak to a doctor or midwife before doing so.
A person should also talk to a healthcare professional if they experience lower back pain, fever, chills, or other symptoms in addition to pain in the groin.
If pain occurs in the groin when a person is walking, running, or doing other activities that involve the lower body, they have likely strained or pulled one or more of the muscles or tendons that meet at the pelvis.
The treatment for muscle strains can include ice, rest, compression, home exercises, and physical therapy.
At-home treatments can vary depending on what is causing the pain. In some cases, resting from activity can help.
A person can often treat pain with OTC pain relief medications, rest, and compresses.
A person should talk to their doctor if they experience pain in their groin that they cannot explain. A doctor can examine the person and help determine and treat the cause.
Groin pain on the left side is often not a major cause for concern. Common causes include a strained muscle, broken pelvic bone, or kidney stone. Other causes can include UTIs, ovarian cysts, enlarged lymph nodes, and pregnancy.
The cause of the pain will determine the treatment options.
Left side groin pain is often due to strains or minor infections. In many cases, a person can treat pain at home with OTC medications, rest, and compresses.
A person should talk to their doctor about unexplained or persistent pain.
Causes of pain in the left groin
Causes of pain in the left groin
Pain in the groin on the left indicates pathologies of the internal organs. The disease can be associated with disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, with the pelvic organs, and even with the musculoskeletal system. Unpleasant sensations are accompanied by other symptoms. Among them are nausea, vomiting, fever, loss of strength, disorders of the cardiovascular system and others.
Pain in the left hip and groin is affected by many causes. Among them are heredity, inflammatory processes, internal injuries and bleeding, pregnancy and others. To diagnose the disease even at an early stage, seek qualified medical assistance at KDS Clinic. Examinations are carried out on modern equipment using innovative technologies. To be healthy and not start the disease, go through a comprehensive diagnosis of the body as soon as possible.
Causes of pain in the lower groin on the left in women
The appearance of pain in the groin on the left is influenced by many factors. Each patient has a different reason. Pay attention to the nature of the pain. They can be sharp, pulling, sharp and blunt. The intensity, frequency and nature of discomfort will make it possible to determine the diagnosis. Deterioration of the condition indicates inflammatory processes in the internal organs and requires special attention. Among the most common causes of pain:
Diseases of the spleen. Pain in the left thigh and groin is the main symptom in diseases of the spleen. Painful sensations spread throughout the body. The disease is characterized by fever up to forty degrees, chills and dizziness. If the symptoms do not stop for a long time, then we are talking about an abscess of the spleen. It opened into the abdominal cavity, so the pain in the groin on the left of the woman is intensely intensifying. If unpleasant painful sensations are accompanied by nausea, vomiting, clouding before the eyes and weakness, then the patient has an inflammatory process of the spleen. The disease is caused by improper outflow of blood. It is worth contacting a doctor immediately. When the patient cannot get out of bed on his own due to severe pain, torsion of the spleen may develop. The diagnosis is extremely dangerous if left untreated.
Benign or malignant neoplasms. With lymphocytic leukemia and myeloid leukemia, the pain intensifies every day. There are no symptoms in the early stages of the disease. In connection with the growth of the tumor, pain appears in the lower abdomen on the left in the groin. Especially strong sensations are manifested after eating, when moving and when pressing on the lower abdomen.
Violation of the small intestine. In case of violation of the work of the small intestine, the left side in the groin hurts. Associated symptoms also appear. Among them are disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, diarrhea or constipation. Sharp sounds of the intestinal tract are heard, which indicate pathologies of the internal organs. A specific sour taste is felt in the patient's mouth. Pain can be compared with cramping. They appear in the so-called attacks and subside over time. With diarrhea, the pelvic organs are heavily overloaded, as a result of which pain in the left groin of a woman appears in most cases. The patient is concerned about bloating, cramping pain, nausea and vomiting, lack of appetite, general weakness.
Disorders of the large intestine. If the large intestine is damaged, a sharp pain appears in the left groin. In the initial stage, the patient is concerned about gas formation, constipation, bloating, and cramping attacks. In some cases, the diagnosis is accompanied by fever. In advanced situations, feces with blood appear. We are talking about microbes in the microflora of the mucous membrane.
Irritable bowel syndrome. With irritable bowel syndrome, it hurts in the groin on the left in women and men. After a bowel movement, there is severe pain in the stomach, which is accompanied by vomiting. Stool liquid with mucus impurities.
Menstruation. In women, pain manifests itself when walking pain in the left groin. This symptom is especially frequent during menstruation. Hormonal changes occur, the ovaries are overloaded, so this reaction of the internal organs is quite normal.
Pregnancy. In most cases, every second pregnant woman feels pain in the lower abdomen. However, in some cases we are talking about pathologies and anomalies in the development of the fetus.
Hormonal changes. With hormonal changes, cutting dagger pains in the lower abdomen may occur. They do not go away even after taking painkillers.
Inflammation of the uterus. Among the accompanying signs are fever, bloody discharge from the vagina, a disturbed menstrual cycle, and frequent urination.
Inflammation of the ovaries. Acute pain in the pelvis is manifested by palpation. Increases with walking and movement.
Endometriosis. Develops with hormonal failure. The metabolism, menstrual cycle is abused. There may be vaginal discharge and frequent urination.
Ovarian rupture. Accompanied by high fever, pallor of the face, pulling pains in the lower abdomen, weakness, vomiting and spotting.
Ectopic pregnancy. When the fetus is attached to the ovary or to the fallopian tube, then we are talking about an ectopic pregnancy. The diagnosis is extremely dangerous and can be fraught with negative consequences.
Threat of miscarriage. During pregnancy, frequent pain may indicate a threatened miscarriage. If discomfort bothers you for several days, then consult a gynecologist and make an ultrasound diagnosis.
Left groin pain diagnostics
To prevent the development of the disease in the event of complaints, it is worth visiting a medical expert at the KDS Clinic facility. Specialists will examine you at any convenient time. With such complaints, the patient is sent for testing, for ultrasound diagnostics and for examination by a gynecologist. To make an appointment, call 8 (495) 374-03-53.
Pain in the groin in the groin and when urinating in men
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